Apartheid describes an ideology of racial segregation in a political-social dimension. The domination of the white population groups over people of color and especially black people, which was established and organized by the state, characterized South Africa’s politics in the 20th century, with a peak phase between the 1940s and 1980s. The appointment of Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) as the first Black president in 1994 is often cited as the official end of apartheid. Comparable to this is segregation in the USA, which is often understood as synonymous with apartheid.