The concept of human “Rasse” (German for race)  is now considered scientifically untenable. Thus, the concept of race is now only used in relation to breeding animals. Nevertheless, in its historical dimension, it names a basis closely related to racism and race theory – especially in the 19th and 20th centuries – for the crimes of National Socialism, but also colonialism and the related trade with enslaved people, which was ultimately a condition for the Maafa.

In distinction to the German term of race, which usually works with biological factors to categorize people based on their appearance, the English race will be used, which describes a socio-political world of experience.