Racial segregation in the USA, which was enshrined in law until 1964, refers to the so-called racial segregation, especially of white and black people, whereby Asian and Latinx people were also affected. This was based on the assumption of white supremacy over blacks and people of color. These divisions took place in all areas of life, such as education, medical care, occupations, and voting rights. For example, there were benches and drinking fountains in parks that Black people were not allowed to use. Beginning in the mid-1950s, the Civil Rights Movement campaigned to repeal the discrimination against black people that was enshrined in law. Civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) played a key role in this.